TD 3040 Mini CNC ID:141

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[[File:
141.jpg
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Type TD 3040 Mini CNC
Make/Model TD 3040
Serial number
Original owner Configured by Andy
Loan status
Arrival date
Location Laser / Storage area
Functional status Working, ready for training
Usage permissions Should take CAD and Tormac CNC courses
Certification
Wiki ID 141


Notes

The effective bed size is only about 1' by 1'. There are purple marker lines on the bed, that's the limit where the spindle can actually reach.

The router is running on Mach3 (a program running on Windows XP),instead of LinuxCNC (a Linux distro), so when you boot up the PC sitting next to it, remember to select XP as operating system.

The ER11 collet we currently have only accepts 1/8' bit shank. Maximum spindle speed is 13,500 RPM. The speed is controlled via a dial knob. As Mach3 can read and adjust spindle speed, but this feature is not currently implemented.

All Axes are calibrated bang on (don't quote me on this, but the dial gauge says so); however, the backlash compensation must be disabled to achieve a smooth helical ramp in operation. More on this later, but for now if your project requires only straight line milling in and out (like milling a square pocket inside your stock) then feel free to re-enable backlash comp.

All old limit switches got replaced, soft limit settings in Mach3 are in place. Please keep soft limits on.

Test result

After calibration, we tested the machine with 2D Milling operation (Nested square pocket) and 3D Milling operation (Dome shape) and it churned out shapes nicely. (Image 2&3)

I suggest that you keep the speed & feed rate conservative (i.e make it slow) and see how this machine plays with various materials, both wood and soft metal. I have no idea whether or not we can mill Aluminium chunk with this little bugger without wearing it out *prematurely* but I'm not an expert on this so your opinions are more than welcomed.

Usage

The machine runs on Mach3, the same software previously used on Tormac. Anyone who knows how to use the Tormac, or know what you are doing, or can hit E-Stop fast enough, or well, is curious enough and want to play with it, are welcome to use the machine.

The basic procedure:

- Use a 3D Modelling software to model your object (like Fusion360 or Solidworks) then have this software spit out the GCode needed to manufacture your object.
- Launch Mach3 program, turn on CNC machine, do Homing sequence and Stock origin sequence
- Feed this GCode into Mach3 and it will control the CNC machine to churn out the parts.
- Possibly edit your G-Code to tweak a few things to get it right

There is an introductory Fusion360 class for those who want to use this or the Tormac Metal CNC machine. There will also be a specific MiniCNC class offered once we have the bugs ironed out and the documentation created.

Instructions

Teacher.jpg


Enclosure

While noise is not much of an issue, this machine can generate lots of fine sawdust so you need to stand at the machine, pointing the shop-vac hose right at the spindle to minimize the dust. I think a machine of this size and weight, an enclosed box for it is manageable.

Training & Liability

Future (proper) training needed for this machine. Use the machine as your own risk. Wear PPEs at all time.

History

  • Refurbished and made operational by Andy Kornelson

Upgrade Requests

  • Add a Height Sensor for non-metalic surfaces. I have a simple design that I will be working on this week (3/10/20)
  • maybe build a touch sensor (eg: http://fadedbits.com/2011/02/touchprobe/) or https://www.instructables.com/id/CNC-Manual-Touch-Probe/
  • Add a Surface Mapping program (G-Code Ripper looks like a good one but needs a probe )
  • Install a registration strip on the bed to allow for repeatable placement of holders and templates.
  • design and install improved hold-down clamps.

Upgrade History

  • 02/29/2020: Bought 2" x 5/16 stove bolts to replace M4 on hold down clamps.
  • 03/03/2020: Replaced (added to inventory?) shorter bolts to hold down clamp. Ground heads down to allow them to pass the Allen head screws holding bed down.
  • 03/07/2020: Updated GRUB config to remember last boot OS
  • 03/10/2020: fabricated and installed registration strip out of acrylic.

Aligned with bed to be parallel with x axis. See picture.

Repairs Needed

  • This is a placeholder for listing repairs that are needed

Repair History

  • This is a placeholder for listing repairs that were performed

Samples

alt text alt text MiniCNC-Bed-Height.jpg
Picture showing range of z motion. About 6cm max

141-registrationstrip.jpg
Registration Strip. Is easily removed if required but has been carefully aligned with the X axis.